A person may be admitted as an Associate Member if he passes all the papers of CPA program, and shall be entitled to use the designatory letters ACPA.
An Associate Member of the institute, who has attained the practical experience aggregating to at least five years or more, shall be entitled to use the designatory letters FCPA. Upon completion of such period, an associate member shall apply for fellow membership of the institute, who shall upon assessment/verification of his requisite experience be granted a certificate of fellow membership of the institute.
The Fellow member of the institute who has attained a professional and extensive experience aggregating to at least ten years shall be entitled to the designation of the Practicing Member by obtaining License to practice as a Certified Accountant (CPA) on payment of the prescribed fee.
CPA Members in Practice
CPA members in practice are governed by a set of rules that ensure best practice and protection of the public.
- A member in practice is a member who, under the auspices of CPA, offers or provides accountancy services to the public, either in a personal capacity, or as a sole proprietor of a business, or as a director of a company or partner in a partnership providing accountancy services, and
- is registered by the Institute for that purpose.
- holds a current practicing certificate issued by the Institute.
2. ‘Accounting services’ includes advice and services in connection with
- financial and management accounting
- book-keeping and accounting records
- the provision of tax returns, the computation or other matters of direct and indirect taxation (including national insurance or similar contributions)
- budgets, forecasts, cash flows and business plans
- funding to businesses
- company secretarial matters
- accounting systems and management reporting.
3. The following shall not be regarded as ‘accounting services
- services concerned with human resources, law, marketing, sales, project management, production, research and development, training and any non-financial consultancy, unless such services are provided as an integral part of a service falling within 2 above
- sub-contract services to accountants where the firm of accountants is invoiced directly for such services
- services under a contract through an agency supplying accountancy services where the agency is invoiced directly for such services
- services provided under a contract of employment to an employer
- services to clubs, societies, charities or similar organisations provided with no contractual entitlement to remuneration
- services to friends and family where there is no expectation of financial reward.
4. All members in practice must register with the institute. Every application for registration as a members in practice shall be accompanied by
- an application for a practicing certificate
- any documentation prescribed by the Institute for the purpose of assessing eligibility for the award of a practising certificate
- the prescribed annual fee, each subsequent annual fee being due and payable on the first day of January each year; if the first payment of the fee is due on or after 2 September in any year it shall be deemed to include the whole of the annual fee for the following year.
5. Every applicant for the practising certificate shall satisfy a panel of assessors that he / she meets the eligibility criteria for the award of a practicing certificate. The Institute shall give guidance to unsuccessful applicants as to how to meet the criteria.
6. Members in practice are required to
- provide written terms of engagement for all clients
- ensure in the event of their illness, disability or death that services to clients are maintained, either through internal arrangements within the practice or through a written agreement with another accountant or firm (unless the client has indicated that he/she does not want to be subject to such an agreement)
- make provision for complaints handling procedures
- comply with current HMRC money laundering regulations (or equivalent if practising outside the Pakistan)
- undertake continuing professional development in accordance with the requirements of the Institute
- provide confirmation of compliance with (i) to (vi) above on registration and renewal of registration, and evidence of the above when applying for the practising certificate.
7. The requirements of rule 6 may, where appropriate, be discharged on behalf of a member in practice by his/her partnership or company, provided that, if such requirements are not so discharged, the member in practice shall remain personally liable in respect of any disciplinary proceedings arising from non-compliance.
8. Members in practice must comply with any scheme operated by the Institute, which includes procedures for monitoring compliance with the provisions of these rules.
9. The disciplinary committee has power to suspend or cancel the registration of a member in practice or withdraw a practicing certificate.
10. A practicing certificate shall remain the property of the Institute and must be returned if withdrawn under 9 or when a holder ceases to be registered as a member in practice.
11. There shall be no other privileges or qualifying description afforded to a holder of the practicing certificate, except that his / her name shall be shown as such in the list of members, on any separate lists specific to holders of the practicing certificate, and that he/she shall have the use of the Institute’s logo, as adapted for practicing certificate holders, subject to his agreement to the terms of a specific license agreement.
12. Any member found to be providing accounting services to clients whilst not registered as a member in practice and who fails to register after having been asked to do so shall be liable to disciplinary action by the institute, and members are warned that failure to register for anti-money laundering supervision may be a statutory offense.